Soft Targets (2015-2018) is our recent series of sculptures, made with hand-dyed fabric and installed in outdoor locations. The designs of the Soft Targets incorporate complex geometric patterns found in Islamic art of the 8th-15th centuries.The targets also reference changing conceptions of military targets and vulnerability in contemporary warfare.

Soft Target Installation II, 2017. Hand-dyed fabric, bamboo, twine; 13 ft. width x 6 feet height

Our latest sculptural installations were presented at Lacawac Sanctuary in Lake Ariel, Pennsylvania in two different configurations, each comprised of four separate panels inspired by Islamic geometric patterns found in both Christian and Muslim architectural sites.

Soft Target Installation II

Soft Target Installation II
Soft Target Installation II
Soft Target Installation II

Soft Target Installation I, 2017
Lacawac Santuary, Pennsylvania. Hand-dyed fabric, bamboo, twine; dimensions variable

Soft Target Installation I

Soft Target 9 (Jonah’s Tomb, Mosul, Iraq), 2017 
Soft Target 8 (Jonah’s Tomb, Mosul, Iraq), 2017 
Hand-dyed fabric, 41 in. x 41 in. each

Soft Target 9 and Soft Target 8 (on the left below) are inspired by a geometric pattern found in The Mosque of the Prophet Jonah in Mosul, which was built on the former site of an Assyrian Church, believed to be the burial place of Jonah.

Soft Target 9
Soft Target 8

Soft Target 6 (Cappella Palatina, Sicily, 1132 AD), 2017 
Soft Target 7 (Cappella Palatina, Sicily, 1132 AD), 2017 
Hand-dyed fabric, 41 in. x 41 in. each

In the two targets below, a pattern of concentric circles is overlaid with an unusual grid of eight-pointed stars from the royal chapel of the Norman Kings of Sicily, in Palermo. The Chapel’s ceiling combines Byzantine art and architecture with elements inspired by Arabic and Islamic design.

Soft Target 6

Soft Target 7

Soft Target 5 (Kharraqan, Iran, 1067 AD), 2016. Hand-dyed fabric, 36 in. x 36 in.

The hard-edge shapes that criss-cross Soft Target 5 are based on an Islamic geometric pattern found on two towers built in Kharraqan, Iran in the 11th century.

Soft Target 5

Fractured Target, 2016. Colored pencil, pencil and ink on paper, 12 in. x 12 in.

 Fractured Target

Soft Target 4 (Herat, Afghanistan, 1200 AD), 2016.
Hand-dyed fabric, wooden stakes, twine. 60 in. width x 60 in. depth x 24 in. height

Soft Target 4 incorporates geometric patterns from The Great Mosque of Herat, Afghanistan. The target was installed horizontal to the ground in Glen Park Canyon, San Francisco, as if one could land on it from a great height.

Soft Target 4b

Soft Target 3 (Lacawac Lake Trail), 2016. Custom printed fabric and canvas. 42 in. width x 42 in. height

The custom-printed fabric in Soft Target 3 is based on an Islamic tile pattern found in The Alhambra, Spain (14th century). The work is shown here installed at Lacawac Sanctuary, Pennsylvania.

Soft Target 3a
Soft Target 3b

Soft Target 2, 2015. Custom printed fabric, canvas, and foam. 38 in. diameter x 3 in. height

Soft Target 2 acted like a cushion, as if to catch a missile. The design incorporates an interlocking tile pattern found in The Alhambra, but with colors from “Woodland” and “Desert Pattern” US military camouflage. The work is shown here in Glen Park Canyon, San Francisco.

Soft Target 2b
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